Frequently Asked Questions



  • Q: Is H2GO a private utility?
    A: No. H2GO is a governmental, public entity established by the State of North Carolina for the purpose of preserving and promoting the public health and welfare.
  • Q: Is H2GO governed by Leland or by Brunswick County?
    A: No. H2GO is a self-governing public entity with an elected, five member Board of Commissioners. Our regional service area is generally northeast Brunswick County and includes Leland, Belville, parts of Navassa, and customers located outside the limits of these incorporated Towns.
  • Q: Where does H2GO get our water from?
    A: Brunswick County Public Utilities sells wholesale finished water to H2GO, Leland, Navassa, Northwest and about 20 other wholesale customers in southern Brunswick County.
  • Q: How does Brunswick County Public Utilities set wholesale rates to H2GO and other wholesale customers?
    A: Wholesale water rates charged by Brunswick County Public Utilities are based on the Producers Price Index (PPI). The PPI has increased by more than 93% since 1985 and is projected to increase another 72% over the next 20 years.
  • Q: Does the PPI for wholesale water rates affect H2GO’s retail rates?
    A: Yes. H2GO pays for every gallon of water purchased from Brunswick County Public Utilities. If the PPI and wholesale water rates increase, as they have by more than 27% over the past 10 years, H2GO passes along those direct cost increases to our customers.
  • Q: Why can’t H2GO negotiate better wholesale water rates with Brunswick County Public Utilities?
    A: Wholesale water rates must be consistent for all wholesale water customers. The County has existing wholesale water contracts that require the use of the PPI method to set wholesale water rates. The wholesale water contracts that contain that provision expire in 2020 and until then, the County is unable to change to a cost-based rate setting method.
  • Q: If Brunswick County Public Utilities set wholesale rates based on an AWWA cost-based operation and maintenance rate methodology, would it affect H2GO’s retail rates?
    A: Brunswick County Public Utilities’ officials have stated that the difference in rates between the PPI and the AWWA rate methodology is within pennies. However, if and when Brunswick County Public Utilities moves to an AWWA cost-based rate methodology, wholesale water rates could be directly affected by Brunswick County Public Utilities’ capital improvement projects, increased debt service, expanded operations and maintenance, and increased raw water costs charged by Lower Cape Fear Water & Sewer Authority.
  • Q: What is AWWA?
    A: AWWA is the American Water Works Association.
  • Q: Where does Brunswick County get their water from?
    A: Brunswick County buys raw water from the Lower Cape Fear Water & Sewer Authority (LCFW&SA), who owns this region’s permit to withdraw water from the Cape Fear River. Lower Cape Fear Water & Sewer Authority provides wholesale regional raw water supplies to local governments and industry within a five-county service area comprised of Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus, New Hanover and Pender Counties.
  • Q: How many customers are in the H2GO service area?
    A: H2GO serves over 10,000 water customers and nearly 6,000 sewer customers. The historic growth rate for our service area has been about 2.5% annually. Last year, the customer base rose by more than 3.5% and is forecast to trend along a similar growth rate into the future. H2GO’s customer base is projected to double within the next 25 years.
  • Q: What areas does H2GO provide water to?
    A: H2GO provides water to all of Leland except Brunswick Forest, Belville, parts of Navassa and the unincorporated ares surronding.
  • Q: How does H2GO's rates compare to other utilities in the area?

     60% of H2GO customers use 3,000 gallons of water or less and 75% of H2GO's customers do not have irrigation. See below for information on additional irrigation charges.

  • Q: Why does H2GO charge a monthly irrigation base fee of $14 year-round?
    A: H2GO’s rate consultant, Raftelis Financial Consultants, performed an in-depth rate study of our customer base, water demands, operating expenses, and revenue streams. What they determined was that historically, on an annual basis, metered irrigation water accounts for about 30% of our total annual water usage. To implement and maintain an equitable rate structure, Raftelis recommended that irrigation rates generate 30% of the annual revenues - a % of demand vs. % of revenue rate basis. Irrigation base rates and usage fees are part of this rate structure methodology. Resulting irrigation rates are balanced between low base rates with high usage fees versus year-round base rates with moderate usage fees. Irrigation usage has the biggest impact on peak demands; and because it costs more to construct, operate, and maintain distribution infrastructure to meet peak demands on the system, some might argue that irrigation rates should generate a higher percentage of the annual revenues. While in theory this might be true, we don’t believe it to be wholly applicable to our system as many of our customers irrigate through their residential meters and pay corresponding sewer usage fees, thus generating additional revenues to offset the higher operating costs required to meet the peak water demands on the system. There are, however, fixed expenses associated with infrastructure designed and installed to meet peak demands, and year-round base rates ensure those expenses are met regardless of usage. If you have additional questions or concerns, please contact Bob Walker, Executive Director at 910-371-9949, or via email at /faq.
  • Q: What is a Grinder Pump?
    A: A grinder pump is a pump unit located in a fiberglass tank installed at a low point below your household plumbing.  A grinder pump works much like a household garbage disposal, but on a larger scale.  It grinds up wastewater generated in your home (i.e. toilet use, shower, washing machine, sink drains, etc.) and pumps it into the public sewer system.

  • Q: How does the grinder pump system work?
    A: A grinder pump is placed in a tank that is buried in a convenient outdoor location on a homeowner’s property.  The tank provides wastewater holding storage capacity.  When water is used in the house, wastewater flows into the tank.  When the wastewater in the tank reaches a pre-set level, the grinder pump automatically turns on, grinds the waste, and pumps it out of the tank via the homeowner’s on-site pressure sewer line and into the public sewer system.   A grinder pump will normally run for about 15 minutes and automatically turn off when the tank is emptied.  The pump is powered by electricity and is connected to a control panel installed near your grinder pump tank.
  • Q: Why do some homes need grinder pumps?
    A: Brunswick County Public Utilities sells wholesale finished water to H2GO, Leland, Navassa, Northwest and about 20 other wholesale customers in southern Brunswick County.
  • Q: How does Brunswick County Public Utilities set wholesale rates to H2GO and other wholesale customers?
    A: In most instances, wastewater flows by gravity from a building sewer (lateral connection) to a public sewer main.  However, because of elevation, gravity sewers may not work in all instances.  In situations where a home’s sewer service line leaves the building at a lower elevation than the public sewer main, a grinder pump is sometimes used to grind and pump wastewater to the main.  See diagram below illustrating typical grinder pump layout.

  • Q: What is the size of the line from the grinder pump to H2GO’s service main
    A: The low-pressure sewer is typically 1½” diameter.
  • Q: What is the flow rate of the pump?
    A: The grinder unit will pump about 10 gallons (+/-) per minute.
  • Q: What is the duration of pump operation per day?
    A: Typical operation is about 15 minutes per day for typical residential houses. Depending on water usage, the pump may run once a day, twice a day, or once every other day.
  • Q: How noisy is the pump?
    A: With an outdoor unit buried in the ground, you will probably not hear it at all if you are 10 feet away.  If you’re standing on top of the tank, it sounds like your washing machine when it’s running – just a hum.
  • Q: Who is responsible for the grinder pump system?
    A: The homeowner is responsible for the pump system from the house to the property line.  Customer-owned grinder pump systems include the small diameter pressure sewer from the property line to the pump basin, the pump, valves and valve boxes on the small diameter force main, pump tank, electrical panel, and associated appurtenances.  The gravity service line from the building to the pump tank, electrical connections to the pump system, and generators connected to the pump power supply are also considered part of the customer-owned pump system.  H2GO’s responsibility for sewer service begins after the property line in the public right-of-way.
  • Q: Who is responsible for maintenance on the grinder pump system?
    A: Other than warranty issues, the homeowner is responsible for maintenance on the pump system.  H2GO is not responsible for maintaining any customer-owned pump system that is connected to or discharges into any public sewer.  Upon the request of the customer, H2GO may repair or maintain a customer-owned pump system that discharges into any public sewer that has been installed pursuant to H2GO specifications.  All maintenance and repair costs are the customer’s responsibility.
  • Q: What are the warranty periods for the grinder pumps and control panels?
    A: For grinder pump units installed under the new grinder pump policy effective 3/10/2015, the pumps will carry a 24 month factory warranty from the date of installation.  The control panel will carry a 12 month factory warranty from the date of delivery.  These warranties do not cover lightning strikes.  Repair costs due to negligence or misuse of the pump system will not be covered under the warranty.  Negligence or misuse includes violations of the H2GO Sewer Use Rules and Regulations, and/or disposing of sand, rock, gravel, metal, grease, feminine products or any other substance that cannot reasonably be expected to be pumped without damaging or rendering inoperable the customer-owned pump system.  
  • Q: What can I do to protect my grinder pump?
    A: A properly maintained grinder pump should be able to handle wastewater from the kitchen, bathroom, laundry, etc.  However, some chemicals and substances can adversely impact a grinder pump and may cause safety hazards.  Please check the labels on all chemicals before using or disposing.  Never put any of the following materials into sinks, toilets or drains as they can clog your home system and create unsafe conditions in your lines and tank:

    Cooking fat, lard, oil or grease; Degreasing Solvents; Cigarette butts;  Dental Floss; Sanitary napkins, tampons or diapers; Q-Tips; Sanitary wipes such as baby wipes or disposable floor wipes; Hair clippings; Cat litter; Strong chemical, toxic, caustic, or poisonous substance;  Explosive or flammable materials; Glass, metal, wood, eggshells, seafood shells, coffee beans, aquarium rocks or gravel; Plastic Objects; Rubber gloves or other disposable gloves; Fireplace ashes.

    It is not advisable to plant flowers or shrubs or place such items as fences, decorative pilings, fish ponds, etc. within the immediate area as damage to the pump, underground electrical or piping systems may occur.  Electrical power and alarm wires are buried under the ground between the control panel and the tank.  Before digging in the area, you should contact H2GO to have a technician locate the underground lines.
    ***Never connect a sump pump to the grinder pump system.  Doing so is a violation of H2GO’s Sewer Use Rules and Regulations; it will reduce the sewer main flow capacity; and it will shorten the life of your grinder pump.*** 
    • Q: How do I properly maintain my grinder pump?
      A: In addition to the previously provided tips, please follow the manufacturer’s Owner’s Manual. In the event you have misplaced the Owner’s Manual, only two types of grinder pumps are currently approved for use in the H2GO service area:
      Compass Pointe Service Area – Zoeller E7020 Progressing Cavity Grinder Pump
      H2GO Service Area outside of Compass Pointe – Zoeller E7011 Reversible Grinder Pump
      Local manufacturer’s representative – Shallotte Electric Stores, 4900 South Main Street, PO Box 2267, Shallotte, NC 28459. 910-754-6000.
    • Q: What should I do if my grinder pump alarm goes off?
      A:If there is too much flow going into your grinder pump unit or if the pump has failed to start, the high sewage level will automatically trigger an alarm horn and light to alert you of the problem. You should take the following steps:
      1. Immediately discontinue your water use to prevent an overflow.
      2. Turn off the alarm by touching the alarm silence pad indicated on the side of the control panel. The alarm horn should silence but the light will remain on.
      3. Wait fifteen minutes. A high level of water usage will sometimes cause the alarm to come on. This situation is self-correcting. If the pump is operating correctly, the tank will automatically be pumped down and the alarm light will turn off.
      4. If the alarm light is still on after fifteen minutes, contact H2GO On-Call Emergency Services at 910-367-2084.
      5. Never attempt to open the tank cover or the electrical panel box.
      CAUTION: Electrical shock or damage to the system may occur
    • Q: What should I do if there is a power outage?
      A: Your grinder pump is powered by electricity and will not function during a power outage. In order to prevent waste from backing up into the lowest sink, tub, or toilet in your home, severely limit the interior use of water until power is restored. This means do not shower or wash dishes and limit flushing the toilet. While your holding tank has a limited capacity, if the system was already full and ready to pump just before the power went out, there will be even less storage available.
    • Q: What should I do with my grinder pump when I go on vacation?
      A: If you plan on being away for an extended period of time, replace the wastewater in the tank with clean water to help minimize odors. First run water from an inside faucet long enough for the grinder pump to start working. After the pump starts, turn the inside faucet off. The pump will run until the tank is empty and shut off automatically. This process will cleanse the pump and leave it filled with a minimum of clean water. Always leave the power to the pump on.
    • Q: Who should I contact with other questions or concerns?
      A: Please contact:

      Brunswick Regional Water & Sewer H2GO
      Bob Walker, Executive Director
      PO Box 2230
      Leland, NC 28451

      H2GO Emergency On-Call Services

Preventing Freezing Pipes
Winterizing Your Irrigation System
What to Do During a Boil Advisory
Detecting a Home Leak
Drops to Gallons
Water Leaks